2014-11-16 00:18:45 UTC
There is a lot of confusion about implications of hydrogen bonds that are shared between water molecules in water. There seems to be contradictory messages. Some have described the bonds that exists between H2O molecules in liquid water as very weak, thus allowing for the fluidity and gentle character of water. Others draw attention to the high boiling point of H2O, it being much higher than that of its two constituents hydrogen and oxygen. Moreover, this dichotomy is not only evident in the strength of the hydrogen bonds between H2O molecules, it is also reflected in the surface tension (the residual electromagnetic energy) that is produced by H2O molecules. In liquid water this surface tension is very slight, almost nonexistent. In the gaseous phase of water, steam, the surface tension emitted by each H2O molecule is high.
So then, which is it? Are the hydrogen bonds that exist between water molecules weak and is their surface tension slight or are the hydrogen bonds strong and the surface tension they emit strong? It can't be . . .